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Accuracy and reliability

Contact info

Business Development, Business Statistics
Mahtab Keshavarz
+45 39 17 31 15

mke@dst.dk

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Engineering Activities and Related Technical Consultancy

Overall, the uncertainty of the level of the total turnover is estimated below 1 per cent. The uncertainty varies widely between services and is significantly higher than the uncertainty of the total turnover.

Overall accuracy

The quality of the statistics is rated acceptable.

For the reference year 2017 there are 340 enterprises in the sample, covering approx. 94 per cent of the total turnover in the sector for Engineering activities and related technical consultancy. 320 enterprises answered the questionnaire, i.e. the response rate is 96 percent. The usable questionnaires are from 320 enterprises. There is a lapse of 6 per cent. The lapse are due to wrong industry code and closure of the enterprises and non-responded questionnaires.

The usable data from 320 enterprises grossed up to the total level of the 6-digit industries within the sector for Engineering activities and related technical consultancy by using preliminary turnover from the Business Register. Each company is assigned a weight, that corresponds to the ratio of population and responses in a given size group and industry. The enumeration is made by ratio estimation. As the survey is random, the figures can be associated with some statistical uncertainty in the form of random variation. The sampling error is calculated for all services in the form of variance, 95 pct. confidence interval and coefficient of variation Uncertainty estimates can be seen in the attached document usikkerhedsestimater_IGOR.

The figures for 2017 are preliminary and will not revised in the national publishing. For delivery to EU the figures are calculated (revised) based on Accounts Statistics.

Sampling error

The sample was drawn at Jun 2017 consisting of 340 enterprises. Of these, 320 companies have completed the questionnaire, i.e. the response rate is 94 percent. The usable questionnaires were from 320 enterprises.

The sampling error is calculated for all services in the form of variance, 95% confidence interval and coefficient of variation Uncertainty estimates can be seen in the attached document usikkerhedsestimater_IGOR.

Non-sampling error

The total uncertainty consists of sampling uncertainty and other systematic uncertainty. In other uncertainties include inter alia measurement error and non response error/lapse.

Coverage error

The population is defined by the industry, the enterprises registered in the Business Register by themselves. Errors of classification of the industries will be expected. This means that there may be enterprises in the population that really should not be classified as an enterprise in the sector Engineering activities and related technical consultancy.

In the context of fault tracing and quality assurance of the statistics, number of these errors continuously are found and corrected. Companies that incorrectly classified as Engineering activities and related technical consultancy cause over-coverage. These coverage error is detected primarily for companies in the sample, but also in some cases for non-sampled companies.

Under- coverage in the form of companies that are classified entirely outside Engineering activities and related technical consultancy, even though they should properly be classified as Engineering activities and related technical consultancy, are difficult to detect, but can be found also.

The total number of enterprises in the population is estimated at approx. 481, and among these the sample is selected. The sample for the reference year 2017 was 340 companies and is thus 71 percent. of the total number of the population. Because of the stratified selection, where large companies are more likely to selection than the smaller, the sample consists approx. 95 per cent. of the total turnover of the population.

Measurement error

Uncertainty due to lapse, incorrectly reported numbers and misunderstandings has sought to minimize by repeated reminders by non-reporting, as well as by substantial verification of the reported figures.

Generally the services in the questionnaire are based on Statistical Classification of Products by Activity CPA 2008, with an adjustment to Danish conditions. It can be an uncertainty in the distribution of turnover and export by services when the services CPA 2008 are not quite commensurate with the classification of products of the firms.

Non response error

There are 340 enterprises in the sample. The usable questionnaires are from 320 enterprises, i.e. there is a lapse of 6 per cent.

Quality management

Statistics Denmark follows the recommendations on organisation and management of quality given in the Code of Practice for European Statistics (CoP) and the implementation guidelines given in the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (QAF). A Working Group on Quality and a central quality assurance function have been established to continuously carry through control of products and processes.

Quality assurance

Statistics Denmark follows the principles in the Code of Practice for European Statistics (CoP) and uses the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (QAF) for the implementation of the principles. This involves continuous decentralized and central control of products and processes based on documentation following international standards. The central quality assurance function reports to the Working Group on Quality. Reports include suggestions for improvement that are assessed, decided and subsequently implemented.

Quality assessment

The quality of the statistics is rated acceptable. It can be problems in comparing figures over time. The survey was conducted for the first time in 1995. In relation to a pilot study in EU the questionnaire concerning 2001 has been revised which means that the results previous to 2001 are not totally comparable with the results concerning 2001 and forwards. The years 2005 and 2007 are not comparable because of a shift to NACE Rev. 2 activity classification. The years 2007 and 2009 are not comparable because of changes in the questionnaire. Products were adjusted to the EU questionnaire.

From the reference year 2013 the method is changed so the enumeration is based on a new data from the Central Business Register. That means the results before the year 2013 are not directly comparable to the results from 2013 onwards.

For the reference year 2017 there are 340 enterprises in the sample, covering approx. 95 per cent of the total turnover in the sector for Engineering activities and related technical consultancy. 361 enterprises answered the questionnaire, i.e. the response rate is 94 percent. The usable questionnaires are from 320 enterprises. There is a lapse of 6 per cent. The lapse are due to wrong industry code and closure of the enterprises and non-responded questionnaires.

The usable data from 320 enterprises grossed up to the total level of the 6-digit industries within the sector for Engineering activities and related technical consultancy by using preliminary turnover from the Business Register. Each company is assigned a weight, that corresponds to the ratio of population and responses in a given size group and industry. The enumeration is made by ratio estimation. As the survey is random, the figures can be associated with some statistical uncertainty in the form of random variation. The sampling error is calculated for all services in the form of variance, 95 pct. confidence interval and coefficient of variation Uncertainty estimates can be seen in the attached document usikkerhedsestimater_IGOR.

The figures for 2017 are preliminary and will not revised in the national publishing. For delivery to EU the figures are calculated (revised) based on Accounts Statistics.

Data revision - policy

Statistics Denmark revises published figures in accordance with the Revision Policy for Statistics Denmark. The common procedures and principles of the Revision Policy are for some statistics supplemented by a specific revision practice.

Data revision practice

The published data will not be revised, since the statistics is published once every second year.