Level of national compliance with labour rights (freedom of association and collective bargaining) based on International Labour Organization (ILO) textual sources and national legislation, by sex and migrant status
In Denmark, freedom of association is enshrined in the Constitution. There is no procedure for registration of trade unions and employers’ association and the State does not keep any registers of trade unions or employers’ associations. Similarly, there are no registers for collective agreements. In Denmark, wages and working conditions are primarily regulated through collective agreements concluded by the social partners at branch or company level. For example there is no statutory minimum wage in Denmark. All employees in the public sector are covered by collective agreements, whereas 74 per cent of employed persons in the private sector are covered. For members of the Confederation of Danish Employers, DA, 87 per cent of the employees are covered. Foreign workers employed in Denmark are more or less covered by collective agreements to the same extent as Danish workers.