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Danish Foreign Affiliates

Last updated: 11-03-2020

The purpose of the statistics is to shed light on the Danish companies activities abroad through its controlled affiliates. Hence the statistics contributes considerably to the description of globalization, which is increasingly important to the development of the Danish economy and society. Danish Foreign Affiliates is an annual survey, which is initially carried through for 2007.

Statistical presentation

This statistics concern foreign affiliates to Danish companies. The variables covered are localization (country), activity (industry) and number of employees.

Statistical unit The statistical unit for Danish foreign affiliates is the foreign affiliate. The statistics covers affiliates and any underlying affiliates, which are located outside Denmark and are owned/controlled (directly/indirectly) by a Danish company (the parent company). The parent company is regarded to have control if it, directly or indirectly, owns 50 per cent or more of the shares/votes and/or have controlling influence over the affiliate.

Reporting unit The reporting unit of Danish foreign affiliates are a Danish company that is the direct owner of one or more foreign affiliates. This means that the survey also covers foreign affiliates that, via a Danish company, ultimately are controlled abroad.

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Statistical processing

Danish foreign affiliates statistics is a census survey (not a sample survey), which means that the statistics, basically cover all Danish companies that owns affiliates abroad.

The received data for Danish foreign affiliates are validated both during the collection of data phase, but mainly when data collection is completed.

Several data validation procedures which are different in nature are conducted on the transmitted data in order to ensure a high data quality. Some variables are sought completely fulfilled, e.g. the country of the affiliate and the activity conducted in this. The reason is both to ensure high data quality but also in order to determine relevance.

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As previously mentioned under User Needs, the primary users of the statistics are ministries and other public institutions, and international organizations such as OECD and the European Commission. In addition the users cover news media, various industrial organizations and others with interest in globalization and the involvement abroad by Danish companies.

Users of the statistics, primarily the European Commission (Eurostat), have expressed the need for additional variable, namely the value added variable.

Surveys on the users level of satisfaction have not been carried out, but users of the statistics express that they are satisfied with the statistics and its value.

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Accuracy and reliability

The survey result is based on submission of data from all relevant Danish parent-companies with foreign affiliates. Any sample techniques and/or active use of thresholds have not been implemented. Thus the number of parent-companies in the survey is approx. 3.500 and the number of foreign affiliates is approx. 12.000.

It is estimated that missing values/data submissions in the survey have a insignificant impact on the statistical value.

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Timeliness and punctuality

Danish foreign affiliates statistics is published approx. 14 months after the end of the calendar-year. The statistical information is collected in between May and November. Danish foreign affiliates is made public without delay in accordance with the scheduled date.

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This survey is carried out in most of the other European countries. However due to different approaches one should take caution when comparing the Danish figures with the figures in the Eurostat databases. The Danish survey covers, i principle, all enterprises in Denmark that owns/controls foreign affiliates, regardless of ultimate controlling country. Whereas the figures in the Eurostat databases solely covers enterprises that have the compiling country as ultimate controlling country.

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Accessibility and clarity

These statistics are published yearly in a Danish press release, at the same time as the tables are updated in the StatBank. In the StatBank, these statistics can be found under the subject Danish Foreign Affiliates. For further information, go to the subject page.

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